There is not one resume format that works for everyone. There might not even be only one resume format for you and it could benefit you to have multiple formats of your resume available. For example, if you’re applying for a job and you don’t know whether your resume will be submitted through ATS, submit both a chronological resume and use a functional resume for your in person interview.
If you have major gaps in employment, there are a few ways to make them less noticeable like a change of resume foramt. It is important to be honest about gaps in your resume and not try to cover them up, but to also make them seem productive and intentional. Adding volunteer work or classes in the time you were unemployed is highly valuable and fairly simple to get starter with.