Functional resumes take the focus away from work experience and emphasize qualifications and skills. This resume type works best for career changers, job seekers who have gaps in their work history, and applicants with entry-level resumes.
Your resume is arguable the single most important part of the application process. A well-organized, relevant resume will set you up to get an interview, while a poor resume will get completely lost in the sea of applicants. This is a fairly modern concern, as job postings now get thousands of online applications a day.