Generally, a resume is much shorter in length compared to a CV, usually limited to one page. It is meant to be a very brief synopsis of your career and education history. Resumes should focus on measurable accomplishments rather than soft skills or listed responsibilities. Like a CV, resumes need to be updated, but those updates should be made form specific job to which you are applying.
If you have major gaps in employment, there are a few ways to make them less noticeable like a change of resume foramt. It is important to be honest about gaps in your resume and not try to cover them up, but to also make them seem productive and intentional. Adding volunteer work or classes in the time you were unemployed is highly valuable and fairly simple to get starter with.